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What Do We Know About Sleep?

What is sleep? If we go by the scientific definition, it can be defined as the natural and periodic state of rest during which consciousness is suspended. It is the time when our body and mind relax and get ready for next day’s work. Scientists have since long tried to decipher the mysteries behind this natural process. What happens after we fall asleep? Do we see dreams all the while? Different theories have come up in response to these questions.

Sleep can be categorised into different categories- deep slumber, light sleep, falling asleep immediately etc.  Falling asleep constitutes the stage one of falling asleep. The mind starts to relax and a person starts drifting away into the mysterious world of sleep. The breathing becomes slow, heart beat becomes more regular and blood pressure decreases. It is easier to wake up a person during this stage and the person would not feel if he actually fell asleep.

After 15 to 20 minutes of falling asleep, we descend into the stage two of sleep. During this point of time, the brain does not show any change in the brain wave pattern. It is slightly difficult to wake up a person from this stage of sleep. A sound in the close vicinity may wake up a person.

After 30 to 45 minutes of falling asleep, the brain wave pattern changes. At this stage we move into the stage 4 of deep sleep. At this time, it will take a lot of efforts to wake up a person. Only a very loud noise may wake up a person. If woken up from this stage of sleep, a person feels groggy. The metabolic activity of brain decreases during deep sleep.

During the deep sleep our body and mind replenish and rejuvenate. Hypothalamus signals the pituitary gland to increase the secretion of human growth hormone(HGH). HGH is also referred to as ‘fountain of youth’ as it enables to restore the youthful state. It promotes tissue building and growth in children.

During the Rapid Eye Movement(REM) the brain waves shift again and eyes flutter back and forth under closed eyelids. It is during the REM that we dream.

For a healthy body and mind, it is essential to take 6 to 8 hours of sleep everyday. Sleep disorders are caused by the lack of proper sleep. It can be avoided by maintaining a proper sleep cycle.

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All about Sleep Clinics

When an individual has a sleeping disorder such as insomnia or sleep apnea, he may be curious to know what a sleep clinic is and what it does. It may be able to help his condition. A breathing device known as a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine can help people with sleep apnea, but sleep clinics don’t utilize many more sophisticated machines and equipment than that other than to hook up the patient with many different electrodes and studies them with a type of electrocardiogram (EKG) machine.

What They Do

It’s essential to understand that sleep clinics don’t solve any specific problem. They’re not meant to do that. Their primary purpose is to simply collect all of the symptoms and patterns of a person’s period of nocturnal rest. These patterns and symptoms are then relayed to the physician in charge there and he interprets the results to evaluate and diagnose the underlying reason for nocturnal rest difficulties, whether its insomnia, dysomnia, or even walking during a time at night when a person should be sleeping.

Electrodes are placed on the subject’s eyes, temples, forehead, and top and back of the head, as well as on other parts of the body. They help the staff of highly trained technicians to measure different diagnostic criteria and parameters such as REM or rapid eye movement signs. Most people at these places don’t spend very much time there. Sometimes, people spend just one night, while others might be there for one to two weeks at the longest.

Sleeping is an intricate science in and of itself and its mechanism of action is still not completely understood but at these centers the technicians do their best to record all of the pertinent characteristics of nocturnal sleeping patterns so that they can most fully determine all of the many possible variations in sleeping that any specific patient manifests. Trying to sleep in a foreign environment is not easy. But some patients do it much easier than others. Many though find it impossible to drift off especially if they’re not given any aids or pills to help drift off for the night.

This can be problematic, but the subject eventually does indeed drift off so he can be thoroughly studied and evaluated for information to be prepared and given to the physician who runs the center. Many subjects don’t enjoy their stay there but since they have such sleep problems they truly do need to be there to be fully evaluated in order to be helped for the long haul. Being at one of these clinics under evaluations only benefits the patient in both the short and long term, and while there are few physicians who actually specialize in sleep disorders, the ones in charge at these clinics can definitely help the individual out once he leaves the facilities.

 

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Sleep Doctors Can Help You Determine What is Disrupting Your Sleep

Sleep Doctors Can Help You Determine What is Disrupting Your Sleep

When you are suffering from a sleep disorder, it can be hard to know where to turn and what type of help you need. These conditions are very hard to detect and sometimes require specific treatments to be resolved. Sleep problems can be very infrequent or occur nightly. The symptoms may not be so obvious because they happen while you are asleep. Common things to look for include being very tired during the day, mood changes, decreased health, and the inability to perform as you normally would. You could be having trouble getting to sleep every night or waking up frequently. These are all signs of a problem that needs to be evaluated and fixed.

Not all sleep problems are due to a sleep disorder. The normal routine you perform before bed or other things you do during the day can affect sleep as well. Drinking a lot of caffeine or consuming alcohol before bed can prevent sleep and cause frequent awakenings. Eating specific foods, your sleep environment, and bed time habits all determine how well you sleep. Before assuming you have a disorder, take a thorough look at what you consume and do each day. Incorporate exercise get rid of additional energy. Make sure your bed room is comfortable and promotes healthy sleep. It needs to have comfortable bedding, a good temperature, and as little light and noise as possible. Change your nightly routine so you have time to relax and unwind from the day. These little adjustments can make a big difference.

Medical conditions and medications may be altering your sleep. See your regular doctor and discuss what is going on and the changes you have made to try to remedy the issue. They will perform tests to see if a medical issue is preventing you from getting the amount of rest you need. Check the medications you are taking to see if sleeplessness is a common side effect. Then discuss this with your doctor to see if another medication can be taken or something else can be done to reduce how the medication affects your sleep. Your regular doctor may be able to help you fix the situation. If they cannot then they may recommend that you see a specialist or be evaluated by a sleep facility.

Sleep doctors are available all over the country. Sleep medicine itself is an emerging field that is more common due to the increased concern over disorders and how they affect overall health. What do sleep doctors do? They often use specialized facilities to perform tests while you sleep. These facilities have controlled environments that have all the comfort of a bed room. Monitors are attached to various parts of the body to record brain activity and other responses during each phase of sleep. A technician does the monitoring and takes note of any visual symptoms that occur during the testing. The doctor takes a look at the test results and determines if a disorder exists and possible treatments. They go over the results and explain each treatment option giving you the opportunity to ask questions and choose what remedy works best for your situation.

A specialist can help you determine if a sleep disorder is causing your sleep problems. These doctors are familiar with the various types of disorders and their most common symptoms.

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What Obstructive Sleep Apnea Is All About

Obstructive sleep apnea, or OSA, is a sleeping disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of abnormal pauses in breathing or significant decrease in airflow caused by collapse of the upper airway in the respiratory system. By definition, apnea episodes last about an average of ten seconds.

Apnea may occur hundreds of times in a single night, one to two times a minute in severe obstructive sleep apnea victims, and is often accompanied by wide swing s in heart rate, an abrupt decrease in saturation of oxygen, and brief electroencephalogram arousals associated with stertorous breathing sounds as a burst of air is exhaled when the airway reopens.

Three major symptoms of sleep apnea include snoring, drowsiness, and other significant abnormalities during sleep apnea episodes. These signs help clinicians and dentists in assessing patients for obstructive sleep apnea. It has proven to be valuable in educating people to be sensitive in the detection of the sleeping disorder. It is also helpful if someone close to the victim can have knowledge about obstructive sleep apnea because, oftentimes, the sleeper is unaware that he is actually suffering from obstructive sleep apnea. In fact, he can regard himself as a good sleeper just because he can sleep anytime, anywhere. Sleepiness is one of the most morbid symptoms of sleep apnea, owing to the accidents that can result because of it.

According to a dentist Memphis Tennessee has, obstructive sleep apnea is a very important diagnosis for dentists and physicians to consider because of its strong relevance with the most critical medical conditions, including hypertension, cardiovascular illnesses, coronary artery disease, insulin-resistant diabetes, depression, and sleepiness-related accidents.

Obstructive sleep apnea is an increasingly rampant condition in both children and adults. Based on the statistics by a licensed dentist Memphis TN has, approximately 24% of men and 9% of women have obstructive sleep apnea. These figures do not include excessive daytime sleepiness victims. The prevalence in children is less certain but an increasingly large portion of the adolescent population is suspected of having sleep apnea. Most of these adolescents are suffering from obesity and have similar symptoms to their adult counterparts.

Obstructive sleep apnea should be diagnosed and treated immediately, as cases of sleep apnea Memphis has is quite alarming. Sleep apnea can be quickly reversed with the proper titration of continuous positive airway pressure devices provided by dentists specializing in sleep apnea cases. Continuous positive airway pressure devices are the standard treatment options for obstructive sleep apnea.

 

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Best Sleep Aid Help You Sleep Better

It is said that summer of this year is the hottest one throughout the history. To sleep well in the summer, we discussed what to do in these cases. The tips that will serve to bring you achieve better sleep. Do you have trouble falling or staying asleep at night? Wondering if naps are right for you?

What you sleep on, what you eat and drink and your sleeping routine is just a couple of things that can mean the difference between having trouble sleeping and going out like a light. Here we will introduce some Otc Sleep Aid to help you sleep.

Heat and humidity are the main obstacles to getting a good night’s sleep during the summer the better way of Otc Sleep Aid is very safe for our sleep. To sleep well in the summer, we discussed what to do in these cases. The tips that will serve to bring you achieve Sleep Aid Otc.

Firstly, the natural freshness is better than air conditioning the latter dry environment and makes us catch cold in summer. Watch out for hidden areas of heat in your home. Use blinds to keep out sunlight during the daytime; Keep windows tightly closed if the temperature outside is hotter than indoors; Leave windows open at nighttime when the temperature drops, and use a fan to circulate cool air if you lack air conditioning.

Secondly, it’s the classic advice, but it is real. Salad and fruit, or a turkey breast dinner is avoiding fat, causing slow digestion, make you sweat and make you tossing and turning in bed, unable to sleep.

Thirdly, Start by avoiding excessive heat buildup in the body. Avoid hyperthermia by reducing your activities and drinking plenty of water including drinks that replace electrolytes.

Fourthly, Change your sheets to cotton but not satin or non absorbent material. Leave your feet out. If your feet are covered you are possible to feel hotter. Turn off the lights and keep your bedroom dim enough. Even energy-saving bulbs give off a good deal of heat.
Fifth, Light leaking through bedroom windows, led lights on electrical gadgets such as TVs and laptops will keep your brain active and will make it all the more harder to fall asleep.

Counter noise with noise. Set a television to sleep mode, turn the volume down enough to drown out outside noises and turn your back to the screen. If all else fails, move to another room in the house as far away from the source of the noise as possible. Otc Sleep Aid will help you sleep dream.

There are many drugs on the market but for people who want to have a high-quality nightrest should have a try with Melatrol (natural sleep aid).

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Sleep Studies for Sleep Disorders

As with most sleep disorders your doctor will probably order a sleep study or polysomnogram. This usually entails one or two overnight stays in a hospital, sleep study centre or clinic. The first visit will be to gather data, the second if necessary to have a trial run on the CPAP machine or whatever other remedy the doctor will recommend.

What is a polysomnogram? A polysomnogram (or sleep study) is a multi-component test that records specific bodily activities while you sleep. It is carried out to determine the cause of sleep problems, such as insomnia, narcolepsy, insomnia, restless legs syndrome and shift work sleep disorder. It is generally non-invasive and despite being hooked up to various electrodes I didn’t find it any more difficult than usual to sleep. For a test in a sleep centre or hospital, you will be in a private bedroom. Technicians attach the surface electrodes to you before you sleep. The readings are recorded throughout the night. The data is analyzed and interpreted by the specialist to determine whether you have a sleep disorder such as sleep apnea and if so to what degree. Sometimes EEG  (electroencephalogram) may be done to record brain activity, or an EMG (electromyogram) to record muscle activity  such as restless leg syndrome or the presence of REM sleep, or an EOG (electro-oculogram) to record eye movements to determine the different sleep stages, or an (ECG (electrocardiogram) to record heart rate and rhythm, or a nasal airflow sensor to record air intake and a snore microphone to record snoring rate and severity.  The captured data will show how long you slept, the depth and duration of your sleep and how often you were awake or disturbed. This data is usually expressed in events per hour, or events per minute.

Sleep studies also can be done with portable equipment you use at home.

Other Sleep Studies.  Multiple sleep latency test (MSLT). This test measures how long it takes you to fall asleep, and also determines whether you enter REM sleep (deep restful sleep). Maintenance of wakefulness test (MWT). This test measures whether you can stay awake during a time when you are normally awake. If the doctor suspects a problem with your body’s internal clock (circadian rhythm), you may have a test called actigraphy. For this test, you wear a device on your wrist that resembles a watch. The device measures your movement during sleep and waking periods. It helps your doctor learn what times during the day you are active and when you are not.

These studies are an important tool to diagnose and treat sleep disorders.

 

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What Time Should You Sleep

What Time Should You Sleep

Is there a best time to sleep? There is a saying that sleeping early and waking up early is good for your health. How true is that? Is it alright to sleep late and wake up late?

You actually have an amazing biological clock ticking inside your body. It is very precise. It helps to regulate your various body functions including your sleeping time.

From 11pm to 3am, most of your blood circulation concentrates in your liver. Your liver gets larger when filled with more blood. This is an important time when your body undergoes detoxification process. Your liver neutralizes and breaks down body toxins accumulated throughout the day.

However if you don’t sleep at this time, your liver cannot carry out this detoxification process smoothly.

If you sleep at 11pm, you have full 4 hours to detoxify your body. If you sleep at 12am, you have 3 hours. If you sleep at 1am, you have 2 hours. And if you sleep at 2am, you only have 1 hour to detoxify.

What if you sleep after 3am? Unfortunately, you won’t have any time to actually detoxify your body. If you continue with this sleeping pattern, these toxins will accumulate in your body over time. You know what happens next.

What if you sleep late and wake up late?

Have you tried going to bed very late at night? Did you realize you feel very tired the next day no matter how much you sleep?

Sleeping late and waking up late is indeed very bad for your health. Besides not having enough time to detoxify your body, you will miss out other important body functions too.

From 3am to 5am, most blood circulation concentrates in your lung. What should you do at this moment? Well, you should exercise and breathe in fresh air. Take in good energy into your body, preferably in a garden. At this time, the air is very fresh with lots of beneficial negative ions.

From 5am to 7am, most blood circulation concentrates in your large intestine. What should you do at this moment? You should poop! Pass out all unwanted poop from your large intestine. Prepare your body to absorb more nutrients throughout the day.

From 7am to 9am, most blood circulation concentrates in your stomach. What should you do at this moment? Have your breakfast! This is your most important meal in a day. Make sure you have all the required nutrients from your breakfast. Not having breakfast causes lots of health problems for you in the future.

That’s the way to start your day

There you are… the most ideal way to start your day. After fully detoxifying your blood during your sleep, you wake up fresh to inhale beneficial energy. Then you pass out unwanted poop from your large intestine. After that, you take in balanced nutrients to prepare your body for a new day.

No wonder people living in villages or farms is healthier. They sleep early and wake up early. They follow their natural biological clock.

Living in city, we have more difficulty in following this sleeping schedule. We have good lightning, TV and internet to delay our precious sleeping time.

Following your natural timetable

Once I know the importance of our biological clock, I try my best to follow it. If I wake up early, I usually start my day on the computer. But when I see the clock shows 7am, I know it’s the best time for breakfast. So I’ll try to have my breakfast before 9am for best absorption.

What if you’re offered a night shift job? I recommend you to reject it even the salary is higher. For long term, you may need to spend more money for your health problems.

What if you have assignment to do until late at night? Well, why not sleep early and wake up earlier to do it? Just shift your work time from late night to early morning. You get the same time. But your body will appreciate it.

With this, try to follow this timing as close as possible. Make it your daily routine. I’m sure you will feel fresher and more energetic all day long.

 

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What is Sleep and Insomnia

What is Sleep and Insomnia

Sleep is one of the most important activities of humans. It is important for a person to spend enough amount of time for sleeping. Usually, the number of hours required for sleeping depends on his or her age. For example, every adult above the age of 18 must have between 7 and a half to 9 hours of sleep, while teenagers between the age of 12 to 18 needs to sleep for about 8 and a half to 10 hours every night.

Sleep is not only done in order to feel good in the morning, it is also done in order to recharge the energy level of a person. It also helps make sure that each part of the body is functioning at full capacity. It also helps maintain the functions of a person’s immune system allowing you to avoid transferrable diseases.

Aside from these, this resting condition is also able to help people get rid of stress. And on top of that, whenever you have enough sleep, your body can concentrate on repairing itself. It also helps in balancing the chemicals inside a person’s brain.

But there are many disorders that can hinder a person from getting enough sleep. One such disorder is known as insomnia, also called wakefulness. This sleep disorder is known to affect thousands or even millions of individuals all over the world. Recent studies suggested that 50% of the overall population suffers from wakefulness while 10% suffers from chronic insomnia.

Insomnia is commonly caused by various psychological factors such as stress, depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, bipolar disorder and generalized anxiety disorder. However, it may also be caused by health problems which include arthritis, hyperthyroidism, Parkinson’s disease, brain tumors, GERD, strokes, trauma, congestive heart failure and chronic fatigue syndrome.

Now there are many ways you can ensure that you get enough sleep every night. One of these ways is meditation, which has been practiced by thousands or even millions of people from different countries. This relaxation technique is usually practiced while listening to soft music like the ones in Holosync meditation CD, which you can get for free if you visit www.meditation-music.com.au or www.meditate.com.au.

 

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How to Get Sleep Disorder Treatment

How to Get Sleep Disorder Treatment

A condition that states any types of complexities related to sleeping is termed as sleeping disorder. The symptoms includes falling asleep at inappropriate times, excessive total sleep time, falling or staying asleep, abnormal behaviors associated with sleep, or waking up too early in the morning and these are medically termed as Insomnia. This is a grave situation where people cannot rest properly and needs to go for a sleep disorder treatment where they are treated with high quality treatments and given medications as per the conditions of the patients.  In these clinics every patient is properly taken care of and given the best of treatments along with mental support to remove their mental stress that automatically happens due to lack of adequate sleep.

There are various medication centers in around th country and people from around the world come here to get treated and overcome all their health related problems. The doctors in these clinics are highly educated and qualified who treat the patients as if they are into their own relations. The treatments are done to modern state-of-the –art technologies and facilities that help the patients to recover swiftly. The conditions of these hospitals and clinics are in extremely good condition and if patients are not being able to bear the huge costs of the treatments they are readily helped financially. The Minnesota clinic creates a homely atmosphere for the patients so that they do not feel lonely and neglected when they come here for treatments.

Waking in the grave hours of night to realize that you are being disturbed by huge snores of someone then the first thing you need to do is to take the person to a good doctor who is expertise in such treatments. Many people come for medications in clinics for get treated completely that lasts for a lifetime solving the snoring solution, it depends onhow problematic the situation actually is. There are various ways through which the snoring problem can be solved and as per the condition of the patients these medications are given.

The lack of sufficient sleep is the main reason for poor work performance, relationship issues, automobile accidents, and emotional problems such as anger and depression. All these affect to serious problems and emotional turnouts in any relationship, which will make you aloof from others and create a massacre in your life. Hence it is highly suggested to go for a sleep disorder treatment if anyone is suffering from insufficient sleep.

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Why Melatonin?

Melatonin Productions as in AgeIn this post we answer the question why Melatonin is preferred in gaining sleep the natural way. Melatonin is a natural hormone that regulates your biological clock. Melatonin is produced by the pineal gland, which is located in the brain. The influence of melatonin on your sleep pattern is caused by fluctuations of Melatonin levels during your day and night cycles. At night your Melatonin levels are at their max. For some people this isn’t the case, a scenario that causes lack of sleep. Melatonin traces are found very little in food, so when your natural Melatonin production is low at night, additional Melatonin sources can help you gain sleep. Because your body naturally produces Melatonin, using supplements can be a natural way to up your Melatonin levels.

When are you Being Deficient of Melatonin?

Although elderly people often have difficulty sleeping and melatonin supplements have been shown to improve sleep in the elderly, melatonin secretion does not appear to decline in healthy older adults to a significant degree, despite many preliminary reports to the contrary.Most of these preliminary studies failed to verify that older subjects were healthy and not using drugs that suppress melatonin secretion (e.g., aspirin, ibuprofen, beta-blockers). Routine replacement of melatonin in elderly persons is, therefore, not recommended.

Insomnia with Adults is a result of having lower melatonin levels. Frequent travelers and shift workers are also likely to benefit from melatonin for the resynchronization of their sleep schedules,5 though a melatonin “deficiency” as such does not exist for these people. Patients with heart disease have been reported to have low melatonin levels, but whether this abnormality increases the risk of heart disease or whether heart disease leads to the low melatonin level is not yet known.6 People with schizophrenia were found to have low melatonin output and experienced significantly improved sleep following melatonin replacement supplementation.7

How much Melatonin is Usually taken?

In normal scenario’s, the body secretes melatonin for several hours per night—an effect best duplicated with time-release supplements. Studies using timed-release melatonin for insomnia have reported good results. Many doctors suggest 1–3 mg of melatonin taken one to two hours before bedtime. Studies with people suffering from sarcoidosis or cancer have used very high amounts of melatonin—typically 20 mg per night. Such levels should never be taken without the supervision of a doctor. Melatonin should not be taken during the day.

Melatonin and side effects?

Melatonin is associated with very few side effects. However, morning attitude, undesired drowsiness, sleepwalking, and disorientation have been reported. Researchers have hypothesized that certain people should not use melatonin supplements, including pregnant or breast-feeding women, people with depression or schizophrenia, and those with autoimmune disease, including lupus, at least until more is known.

In one study, the use of 3 mg per day of melatonin for three months resulted in a marked decline in sperm counts and a decline in sperm quality in two of eight healthy young men. In one of these two men, sperm count and quality became normal after melatonin was discontinued. Although this was a small study, it raises the possibility that long-term use of melatonin could lead to infertility.

In a group of children suffering from neurological disorders, 1–5 mg of melatonin per night led to an increase in the rate of seizures despite the fact that sleep improved. Until more is known, children with neurological conditions should take melatonin only under medical supervision.

Many other side effects have been attributed to melatonin supplementation, including inhibition of sex drive, severe headaches, abdominal cramps, and formation of rudimentary breasts in men.However, these associations have not been supported by solid evidence. Since none of these claims have been well documented or independently confirmed, these problems may not have been due to melatonin.

Though most research reports that melatonin improves the quality of sleep, at least one trial has found that four of fifteen men given melatonin had their sleep patterns disturbed by supplemental melatonin. Not something to worry about.

One case of painful gynecomastia (enlarged breasts) with elderly men has been reported involving a 56-year-old man who had been suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s disease), and was taking 1–2 mg melatonin per day for one and a half years. As the signs and symptoms disappeared after melatonin was discontinued, the authors of the report suspected that melatonin caused this side effect.

According to a preliminary report, blood levels of melatonin may be elevated in women with fibromyalgia. Data in this report did not indicate toxicity from melatonin, nor did the report suggest that melatonin causes or exacerbates the symptoms of fibromyalgia. It did suggest there is no current rationale for melatonin supplementation in people with fibromyalgia.

One-time oral administration of 1 mg of melatonin to post-menopausal women reduced glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity when tested 45 minutes after administration. This finding suggests that people with diabetes should use melatonin with caution and only under the supervision of a doctor.

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